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At this time, no single test is available to identify or rule out MS. Several tests and procedures are needed. These are likely to include:
Healthcare providers need an overall view of the individual's health picture, including symptoms and when they began.
Testing of reflexes, balance, coordination, and vision— as well as checking for areas of numbness
Diagnosis For more detailed information.
Diagnosis: The Basic Facts Explains usual steps and tests. Includes how to prepare for an MRI.
Clinically Isolated Syndrome (CIS) Individuals who experience a clinically isolated syndrome may or may not go on to develop multiple sclerosis.
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Examination of this fluid in the central nervous system can provide clues to the diagnosis of MS and other diseases.
Evoked Potentials These tests of electrical activity are helpful in the diagnosis of MS because they detect a slowing in nerve impulses caused by demyelination.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) An important diagnostic tool that makes it possible to visualize and count white matter lesions (damaged areas or scars) in the brain and spinal cord.
Medical Histories A person’s medical history is critical to the diagnosis of MS and to subsequent treatment decisions.
Other conditions and problems may share some of the same symptoms of MS.
Stony Brook University Hospital
101 Nicolls Road Stony Brook, NY 11794